From the Archives: 8 Ways to Explore Geology with Kids!

We have added so many new readers to the Simple Kids community in the past few weeks.  If you are new to Simple Kids, welcome!  For those who have been here awhile, thanks for hanging around with me!

I thought I might go back in the Simple Kids archives to dig up some of the great articles Joan wrote when Simple Kids first launched earlier this year. With most of us spending more time in the outdoors this summer, I thought it would be appropriate to re-play Joan’s article on creating a connection between kids and geology.  Enjoy!

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Photo by Rick

Green living has come to the forefront of the world’s focus. What better way to introduce good environmental habits to my kids than starting with the dirt and the rocks and the true, beautiful grit the world is made of? Preschoolers most certainly understand rocks before recycling, dirt before biodegradable. I have dreamt up a starter kit of activities for those of you finding this approach appealing.

Geology Activity Ideas

1) If your yard is equipped with a sandbox, sneak some interesting earth-related toys into the depths, and give your kid a shovel & a collander. If you don’t have a sandbox, improvise- maybe a cardboard box full of oatmeal? I would have a hard time finding much more than playground pebbles to bury as artifacts in my neighborhood, so I would keep it light & fun with fake dinosaurs, play jewelry, bones from our Operation game… or anything that will grab my kids’ attention & keep them interested. Once the paleontologists have finished finding their materials, explain to them the realism of the occupation. Let them know that the ground itself is a timeline of all the life that ever tread upon it. It may be difficult in many cases with young children, but try & convey the essence of history… and how much time the earth has encapsulated just by existing. Paraphrased, perhaps.

2) The Green Link: As soon as your child understands the idea of the earth as a box of treasures from our past, then you can let them know that not everything is good for the earth. Recycling can ensue naturally from there, having already established a foundation for the concept that you can refer back to.

3) If you want to go a little further, re-do the paleontology activity in the sandbox, but bury things that are good or normal for the earth and also items that are damaging. Once the objects have been uncovered, you can categorize together, with you supplying the reasoning for each if necessary.

4) I love volcano-making fun. Geology rocks for sure. No matter your child’s age, this easy easy activity is great for explaining volcanoes, and the levels of the earth from the crust to the core. Some kids will be ready to dive into plate tectonics, so act as their springboard and use their learning style as a guide for how to approach illustrating the point. My learning style includes a little of everything, so I pretty much use whatever I have on-hand to make it work. I’d LOVE a cross-sectional model of Earth, but it’s low on the list so I draw these concepts with crayon to the best of my ability for now, and I learn more in the process.

5) I think it’d be fun to simulate an earthquake, too. I’ll take the box springs out from under our mattress, then rumble the bed from below with the kids on sitting on the mattress above. This activity is definitely a stretch, but I just want to introduce the concept of an earthquake while associating it with volcanoes and the way they both originate below the earth’s surface. Quaking a trampoline from underneath would do the exact same thing.

sedimentary rock

6) If you happen to have play dough in different, distinct colors that aren’t muddled & indistinguishable… I don’t… make pancakes out of the different colors and stack them, alternating colors. You don’t have to mix the colors, just stack them. Get a butter knife & cut out a section of the stack to illustrate sedimentary rock. Again, the earth’s age plays so many different roles in the version on Earth that we know. Showing your kids that even rock has age may make an impression, but if it doesn’t you’ve still taught them about a really cool part of Earth. I love driving through canyons & passing the “Watch for Falling Rock” signs. It makes me feel like Earth is alive even in its supposedly lifeless rock formations.

7) While you have the dough out make 4 pancakes (not necessarily round) about 1/4″ high out of one color (they will mix). It doesn’t matter if they’re the same size. You take two, and have your child take two. With one in each hand, spread your arms out, then slowly smash (gently) the two masses you’re holding together. You’ve just simulated mountain formation with your child. If you’re already introduced them to plate tectonics, you can continue the discussion and explain that the same force that causes volcanoes and earthquakes made the mountains. •

8 ) Make a pile of sugar about 2″ high in a medium mixing bowl, and have a cup of water nearby. Tilt the bowl toward you so that the sugar shifts closer to the side of the bowl rather than the middle. OVER THE SINK, slowly pour water from the far side of the bowl through the middle of the sugar mound. When the water has erroded a valley through the sugar, you have successfully simulated valley formation.

I hope my little ideas inspire some action in this sector of your teaching.  Here are some additional geology for kids resources.

When do you feel the most connected to the world around you? Can you tell when your kids are connected?

What We’re Reading Wednesdays: James and the Rain

What a fun day here at Simple Kids!  We are launching What We’re Reading Wednesdays – a weekly feature in which members of the Simple Kids community offer reviews of some of the best of children’s literature.  The series begins today with this review from Emily:

james-and-the-rainAs I was sorting and cataloging books for the list a few weeks ago, I began creating my own must-be-checked-out list.  With my background in education and childcare, I was already familiar with quite a few of the books.  I was surprised, however, with how many that were brand new to me!

The first book I want to share with you is James and the Rain written by Karla Kuskin and illustrated by Reg Cartwright.  The title and beautiful cover drew me in, and because it was available at my local library, that’s where I began.

I’m actually really sad that I didn’t know about this book until now!  I would have used it on every single rainy day when I was teaching.

The basic premise is a young boy, James, takes a walk in the rain where he meets a menagerie of animals that share their favorite thing to do in the rain.  It is a counting book as he meets one cow all the way up to ten cats, and children could practice one-to-one counting by pointing at the pictures.  Also, each page builds on the last, including all of the animals, so older children could practice counting past ten.

The text is written in a rhyming and chanting manner, making it fun to read and to listen.  In the course of my studies, we talked a lot about the importance of “word exposure” for children, and how it’s important for their vocabulary for them to hear a wide variety of words even if they don’t understand the meaning of them all.  Well, I’m going to steal Tsh’s phrase and assure you that this book is indeed “twaddle-free”! The language is rich and delightfully descriptive.  Also, the illustrations are just gorgeous.  The kind I enjoy looking at over and over again.

My favorite page is the one where James meets four birds:

“Well,” said the birds, “when it rains we soar

up to the clouds and a little bit more.

We seek and we search

soaking our skins

to try to find out where the rain begins.”

Do yourself a favor and snag this lovely book on your next library trip.  You won’t be disappointed!

Simple As That: Come on, get a little muddy!

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“The world is mud-luscious and puddle-wonderful.”  — e.e. cummings

So that we may coax our little bed of sweet potato vines and delicate lavender plants through the scorching July days, my girls and I head out early each morning to soak everything with water.  Each of them are fairly adept with the garden hose, so I’ve been allowing them the independence to saturate that bed on their own while I dead-head and tend to what is left of our spring flowers.

Last week, the hose lingered a little too long in one corner of the vine bed and before I knew it, the girls had created one glorious mud puddle.  No plants were in danger of harm, so I let them splash and dig and experience the mud for a bit.  I even remembered to grab my camera so that I could capture the glory of it all.  As I circled them snapping off shots, my oldest daughter invited me to, “Come on, Mom!  Get muddy with us!”

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At first I resisted – it was just so terribly, well, dirty.

But then I reconsidered.  When was the last time I had stomped in some mud?  Didn’t the cool mud look awfully inviting?  Sure, it was messy, but nothing a little spray down with the garden hose couldn’t remedy.  So I dug in my toes and agreed with my daughters.  That squishy, mooshy, globby, ooky mud was delightful.

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Simply delightful.

When was the last time you allowed yourself the freedom to get a little muddy?

(By the way, speaking of simple delights, I wanted to make you aware that every Monday, FishMama of Life as Mom is hosting Camp Wannalaffalotta where she shares tons of inspiration for summer fun!  And if you prefer making messes in the kitchen instead of out in the garden, you won’t want to miss the Life as Mom Birthday Cake Round-Up this Thursday!)