Caroline Name Meaning

Lastest Updated June 7, 2024
Home » Baby Names » Caroline Name Meaning

Fact: Caroline has appeared in various literary works and is often associated with characters who are strong, intelligent, and graceful. A notable example is Caroline Bingley from Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice.

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A Deep Dive

Caroline Overview

Meaning

Free woman, strong

Gender

Girl

Origin

French, German

Etymology

Derived from the French name “Caroline,” a feminine form of “Carolus.”

Religion

Christianity

Pronunciation

/ˈkɛrəlaɪn/

Popularity

Caroline is a widely recognized name, particularly popular in Europe and North America. In 2023, Caroline was among the top 100 names for girls in the USA.

Syllable

3 syllables

Length

8 letters

Numerology

5 (Visionary, Expansive, Adventurous)

Name Styles

Classic, Popular, Vintage, Cute

Associated Traits

Graceful, intelligent, strong, compassionate

Spiritual, Religious, or Cultural Significance

Caroline is associated with several saints, including Saint Caroline of Ansbach, and has historical significance in royal families.

Name Day

July 17th (St. Caroline)
A Deep Dive

Caroline Variations in Different Cultures

Popular Variations

Carolyn, Carolina, Carol, Karoline, Karolina

Common Nicknames

Caro, Carrie, Carol, Carly, Cara

Diminutives

Lina, Cally, Caddie, Linnie, Cali

Famous People

  • Caroline Kennedy
    (American Author and Diplomat)
  • Caroline Wozniacki
    (Danish Tennis Player)
  • Caroline Flack
    (British Television Presenter)
  • Caroline Dhavernas
    (Canadian Actress)
  • Caroline Sunshine
    (American Actress and Diplomat)
  • Caroline Aherne
    (British Comedian)

Pop Culture Icons and Works

  • Caroline Forbes
    ("The Vampire Diaries," TV Series)
  • Caroline Ingalls
    ("Little House on the Prairie," TV Series)
  • "Caroline, or Change"
    (Musical)
  • Caroline Bingley
    ("Pride and Prejudice," Novel)
  • Caroline Channing
    ("2 Broke Girls," TV Series)
  • Caroline Mathers
    ("The Fault in Our Stars," Novel)

Places

  • Caroline City
    (New York, USA)
  • Caroline Park
    (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • Caroline River
    (Virginia, USA)
  • Caroline Lake
    (Western Australia, Australia)
  • Caroline County
    (Maryland, USA)
  • Caroline Street
    (London, UK)

What Is the Meaning of Caroline?

Caroline means “free woman” or “song of happiness.” The name often conveys a sense of elegance and joy, suggesting a person who is graceful, cheerful, and full of charm.

What Is the Origin of The Name Caroline?

Caroline has Latin and French origins. It is derived from the Latin name Carolus, which means “free man,” and became popular in France as a feminine form of Charles. The name has been used in various cultures and languages, gaining recognition in English-speaking countries over the centuries.

Caroline Name Popularity

Popularity Chart of the Name Caroline in the U.S. over the Years

United States flagUnited States#802021#772022#832023
Top 3 Rankings#552017#562016#562018

Annual Statistics Breakdown for Caroline

YearName RankingNumber of BirthsBirth Rate (%)
202383
(-6 from 2022)
2859
(-167 from 2022)
0.16345
202277
(+3 from 2021)
3026
(-175 from 2021)
0.16876
202180
(-9 from 2020)
3201
(-160 from 2020)
0.17867
202071
(-10 from 2019)
3361
(-555 from 2019)
0.19014
201961
(-5 from 2018)
3916
(-251 from 2018)
0.21342
201856
(-1 from 2017)
4167
(-125 from 2017)
0.22407
201755
(+1 from 2016)
4292
(-145 from 2016)
0.22719
201656
(+6 from 2015)
4437
(+104 from 2015)
0.22920
201562
(-3 from 2014)
4333
(-13 from 2014)
0.22211
201459
(+4 from 2013)
4346
(+363 from 2013)
0.22215
201363
(+17 from 2012)
3983
(+563 from 2012)
0.20662
201280
(+7 from 2011)
3420
(+51 from 2011)
0.17634
201187
(+1 from 2010)
3369
(+9 from 2010)
0.17387
201088
(-1 from 2009)
3360
(-264 from 2009)
0.17137
200987
(+7 from 2008)
3624
(+81 from 2008)
0.17896
200894
(+5 from 2007)
3543
(+135 from 2007)
0.17010
200799
(-10 from 2006)
3408
(-382 from 2006)
0.16102
200689
(-6 from 2005)
3790
(-183 from 2005)
0.18129
200583
(-9 from 2004)
3973
(-405 from 2004)
0.19576
200474
(-6 from 2003)
4378
(-207 from 2003)
0.21697
200368
(-1 from 2002)
4585
(-72 from 2002)
0.22851
200267
(-5 from 2001)
4657
(-207 from 2001)
0.23580
200162
(+3 from 2000)
4864
(-158 from 2000)
0.24554
200065
(+6 from 1999)
5022
(+548 from 1999)
0.25164
199971
(+4 from 1998)
4474
(+198 from 1998)
0.22981
199875
No change from 1997
4276
(-163 from 1997)
0.22058
199775
(+3 from 1996)
4439
(-27 from 1996)
0.23250
199678
(+14 from 1995)
4466
(+666 from 1995)
0.23294
199592
(+2 from 1994)
3800
(+349 from 1994)
0.19776
199494
(+11 from 1993)
3451
(+368 from 1993)
0.17703
1993105
No change from 1992
3083
(-93 from 1992)
0.15638
1992105
(+11 from 1991)
3176
(+333 from 1991)
0.15843
1991116
No change from 1990
2843
(+24 from 1990)
0.13981
1990116
(-3 from 1989)
2819
(+158 from 1989)
0.13722
1989113
(+9 from 1988)
2661
(+335 from 1988)
0.13357
1988122
(+13 from 1987)
2326
(+280 from 1987)
0.12095
1987135
(+22 from 1986)
2046
(+243 from 1986)
0.10917
1986157
(+7 from 1985)
1803
(+52 from 1985)
0.09770
1985164
(+3 from 1984)
1751
(+119 from 1984)
0.09484
1984167
(+16 from 1983)
1632
(+149 from 1983)
0.09050
1983183
(-5 from 1982)
1483
(-54 from 1982)
0.08286
1982178
(+15 from 1981)
1537
(+147 from 1981)
0.08472
1981193
(+7 from 1980)
1390
(+77 from 1980)
0.07772
1980200
(-2 from 1979)
1313
(-40 from 1979)
0.07374
1979198
(+2 from 1978)
1353
(+45 from 1978)
0.07851
1978200
(+10 from 1977)
1308
(+103 from 1977)
0.07957
1977210
(-13 from 1976)
1205
(-19 from 1976)
0.07325
1976197
(+1 from 1975)
1224
(-7 from 1975)
0.07787
1975198
(+14 from 1974)
1231
(+34 from 1974)
0.07887
1974212
(+17 from 1973)
1197
(+85 from 1973)
0.07642
1973229
(+22 from 1972)
1112
(+41 from 1972)
0.07155
1972251
(-11 from 1971)
1071
(-144 from 1971)
0.06642
1971240
(-11 from 1970)
1215
(-156 from 1970)
0.06933
1970229
(-5 from 1969)
1371
(+19 from 1969)
0.07484
1969224
(-9 from 1968)
1352
(-60 from 1968)
0.07670
1968215
(-5 from 1967)
1412
(-37 from 1967)
0.08259
1967210
(-8 from 1966)
1449
(-102 from 1966)
0.08440
1966202
(-15 from 1965)
1551
(-264 from 1965)
0.08834
1965187
(-8 from 1964)
1815
(-291 from 1964)
0.09932
1964179
(+29 from 1963)
2106
(+416 from 1963)
0.10759
1963208
(-22 from 1962)
1690
(-299 from 1962)
0.08501
1962186
(-10 from 1961)
1989
(-210 from 1961)
0.09813
1961176
(+78 from 1960)
2199
(+990 from 1960)
0.10587
1960254
(+20 from 1959)
1209
(+166 from 1959)
0.05813
1959274
(+8 from 1958)
1043
(+53 from 1958)
0.05018
1958282
(-29 from 1957)
990
(-147 from 1957)
0.04792
1957253
(+76 from 1956)
1137
(+435 from 1956)
0.05419
1956329
(-14 from 1955)
702
(-40 from 1955)
0.03409
1955315
(-13 from 1954)
742
(-29 from 1954)
0.03701
1954302
(-22 from 1953)
771
(-114 from 1953)
0.03873
1953280
(-17 from 1952)
885
(-31 from 1952)
0.04587
1952263
(-9 from 1951)
916
(-3 from 1951)
0.04816
1951254
(+3 from 1950)
919
(+40 from 1950)
0.04975
1950257
(-22 from 1949)
879
(-122 from 1949)
0.04998
1949235
(-9 from 1948)
1001
(-79 from 1948)
0.05702
1948226
(-6 from 1947)
1080
(-70 from 1947)
0.06197
1947220
(-6 from 1946)
1150
(+60 from 1946)
0.06326
1946214
(-17 from 1945)
1090
(+75 from 1945)
0.06758
1945197
(-19 from 1944)
1015
(-197 from 1944)
0.07540
1944178
(-7 from 1943)
1212
(-141 from 1943)
0.08869
1943171
(-4 from 1942)
1353
(-37 from 1942)
0.09426
1942167
(+7 from 1941)
1390
(+217 from 1941)
0.09997
1941174
(-2 from 1940)
1173
(+12 from 1940)
0.09414
1940172
(+14 from 1939)
1161
(+156 from 1939)
0.09828
1939186
(-4 from 1938)
1005
(-110 from 1938)
0.08862
1938182
(-1 from 1937)
1115
(+21 from 1937)
0.09768
1937181
(-4 from 1936)
1094
(+19 from 1936)
0.09929
1936177
(+1 from 1935)
1075
(+27 from 1935)
0.09976
1935178
(-4 from 1934)
1048
(-21 from 1934)
0.09643
1934174
(-1 from 1933)
1069
(+19 from 1933)
0.09877
1933173
(+1 from 1932)
1050
(-53 from 1932)
0.10038
1932174
(-9 from 1931)
1103
(-22 from 1931)
0.09970
1931165
(+7 from 1930)
1125
(-35 from 1930)
0.10193
1930172
(-1 from 1929)
1160
(-32 from 1929)
0.09945
1929171
(+4 from 1928)
1192
(+3 from 1928)
0.10298
1928175
(+4 from 1927)
1189
(+22 from 1927)
0.09945
1927179
(-5 from 1926)
1167
(-50 from 1926)
0.09438
1926174
(+11 from 1925)
1217
(+24 from 1925)
0.09893
1925185
(-10 from 1924)
1193
(-109 from 1924)
0.09445
1924175
(-2 from 1923)
1302
(-2 from 1923)
0.10049
1923173
(+3 from 1922)
1304
(+35 from 1922)
0.10411
1922176
(-14 from 1921)
1269
(-156 from 1921)
0.10172
1921162
(-3 from 1920)
1425
(-11 from 1920)
0.11135
1920159
(+10 from 1919)
1436
(+140 from 1919)
0.11543
1919169
(-15 from 1918)
1296
(-162 from 1918)
0.11033
1918154
(-2 from 1917)
1458
(+90 from 1917)
0.12126
1917152
(-8 from 1916)
1368
(-17 from 1916)
0.12174
1916144
(-7 from 1915)
1385
(-17 from 1915)
0.12757
1915137
(+11 from 1914)
1402
(+413 from 1914)
0.13693
1914148
(+1 from 1913)
989
(+184 from 1913)
0.12415
1913149
(-10 from 1912)
805
(+20 from 1912)
0.12292
1912139
(+7 from 1911)
785
(+235 from 1911)
0.13380
1911146
No change from 1910
550
(-3 from 1910)
0.12449
1910146
(+11 from 1909)
553
(+110 from 1909)
0.13182
1909157
(-7 from 1908)
443
(-6 from 1908)
0.12035
1908150
(+1 from 1907)
449
(+12 from 1907)
0.12665
1907151
(-7 from 1906)
437
(+28 from 1906)
0.12951
1906144
(+2 from 1905)
409
(+2 from 1905)
0.13049
1905146
(-10 from 1904)
407
(-22 from 1904)
0.13135
1904136
(+5 from 1903)
429
(+40 from 1903)
0.14670
1903141
(-15 from 1902)
389
(-63 from 1902)
0.13983
1902126
(-1 from 1901)
452
(+46 from 1901)
0.16124
1901125
(+10 from 1900)
406
(-49 from 1900)
0.15970
1900135
(-11 from 1899)
455
(+62 from 1899)
0.14320
1899124
(-2 from 1898)
393
(-48 from 1898)
0.15879
1898122
(-10 from 1897)
441
(-15 from 1897)
0.16086
1897112
(-2 from 1896)
456
(+19 from 1896)
0.18367
1896110
(-5 from 1895)
437
(-47 from 1895)
0.17342
1895105
(-2 from 1894)
484
(+11 from 1894)
0.19587
1894103
(-4 from 1893)
473
(-10 from 1893)
0.20045
189399
(+1 from 1892)
483
(+7 from 1892)
0.21445
1892100
No change from 1891
476
(+74 from 1891)
0.21164
1891100
(-6 from 1890)
402
(-53 from 1890)
0.20451
189094
(-10 from 1889)
455
(-36 from 1889)
0.22562
188984
(+5 from 1888)
491
(+33 from 1888)
0.25949
188889
(-5 from 1887)
458
(+60 from 1887)
0.24176
188784
(+7 from 1886)
398
(+28 from 1886)
0.25608
188691
(-13 from 1885)
370
(-29 from 1885)
0.24068
188578
No change from 1884
399
(+19 from 1884)
0.28109
188478
(+8 from 1883)
380
(+59 from 1883)
0.27619
188386
(-1 from 1882)
321
(+17 from 1882)
0.26737
188285
(-12 from 1881)
304
(-12 from 1881)
0.26276
188173
(+2 from 1880)
316
(+10 from 1880)
0.31966
188075
First SSA data recorded
306
First SSA data recorded
0.31351

American States Popularity Rankings for Caroline

(From the Most to Least Popular, Based on Number of Births )

New York (NY)

New York (NY) flagNew York (NY)#1302021#1542022#1572023

California (CA)

California (CA) flagCalifornia (CA)#2142021#2502022#3242023

Texas (TX)

Texas (TX) flagTexas (TX)#752021#832022#742023

Pennsylvania (PA)

Pennsylvania (PA) flagPennsylvania (PA)#832021#782022#732023

North Carolina (NC)

North Carolina (NC) flagNorth Carolina (NC)#212021#182022#402023

Illinois (IL)

Illinois (IL) flagIllinois (IL)#1132021#1182022#1282023

Massachusetts (MA)

Massachusetts (MA) flagMassachusetts (MA)#762021#812022#662023

Georgia (GA)

Georgia (GA) flagGeorgia (GA)#292021#392022#422023

Ohio (OH)

Ohio (OH) flagOhio (OH)#682021#722022#942023

Virginia (VA)

Virginia (VA) flagVirginia (VA)#442021#442022#442023

New Jersey (NJ)

New Jersey (NJ) flagNew Jersey (NJ)#1762021#1682022#2162023

Florida (FL)

Florida (FL) flagFlorida (FL)#1132021#1052022#1092023

Michigan (MI)

Michigan (MI) flagMichigan (MI)#1502021#1542022#1222023

South Carolina (SC)

South Carolina (SC) flagSouth Carolina (SC)#302021#422022#342023

Tennessee (TN)

Tennessee (TN) flagTennessee (TN)#252021#222022#262023

Louisiana (LA)

Louisiana (LA) flagLouisiana (LA)#172021#212022#302023

Maryland (MD)

Maryland (MD) flagMaryland (MD)#642021#902022#772023

Alabama (AL)

Alabama (AL) flagAlabama (AL)#122021#182022#162023

Missouri (MO)

Missouri (MO) flagMissouri (MO)#592021#492022#562023

Indiana (IN)

Indiana (IN) flagIndiana (IN)#832021#382022#672023

Connecticut (CT)

Connecticut (CT) flagConnecticut (CT)#692021#992022#812023

Wisconsin (WI)

Wisconsin (WI) flagWisconsin (WI)#1282021#1402022#1302023

Minnesota (MN)

Minnesota (MN) flagMinnesota (MN)#1672021#1602022#1682023

Kentucky (KY)

Kentucky (KY) flagKentucky (KY)#252021#282022#532023

Colorado (CO)

Colorado (CO) flagColorado (CO)#752021#1122022#2062023

Washington (WA)

Washington (WA) flagWashington (WA)#1862021#1842022#1802023

Mississippi (MS)

Mississippi (MS) flagMississippi (MS)#172021#322022#362023

Kansas (KS)

Kansas (KS) flagKansas (KS)#772021#912022#762023

Iowa (IA)

Iowa (IA) flagIowa (IA)#982021#1712022#1192023

District of Columbia (DC)

District of Columbia (DC) flagDistrict of Columbia (DC)#412021#332022#442023

Arizona (AZ)

Arizona (AZ) flagArizona (AZ)#2462021#1912022#2492023

Oklahoma (OK)

Oklahoma (OK) flagOklahoma (OK)#502021#1062022#1062023

Arkansas (AR)

Arkansas (AR) flagArkansas (AR)#622021#652022#262023

Oregon (OR)

Oregon (OR) flagOregon (OR)#2532021#2552022#2692023

West Virginia (WV)

West Virginia (WV) flagWest Virginia (WV)#482021#572022#372023

Utah (UT)

Utah (UT) flagUtah (UT)#1202021#1402022#1032023

Nebraska (NE)

Nebraska (NE) flagNebraska (NE)#1462021#1472022#1262023

Maine (ME)

Maine (ME) flagMaine (ME)#492021#512022#652023

Rhode Island (RI)

Rhode Island (RI) flagRhode Island (RI)#2052021#412022#1412023

Hawaii (HI)

Hawaii (HI) flagHawaii (HI)#1272018#582019#1872023

New Hampshire (NH)

New Hampshire (NH) flagNew Hampshire (NH)#902021#1362022#832023

New Mexico (NM)

New Mexico (NM) flagNew Mexico (NM)#2442021#2282022#1802023

North Dakota (ND)

North Dakota (ND) flagNorth Dakota (ND)#2192021#1462022#1972023

Delaware (DE)

Delaware (DE) flagDelaware (DE)#802021#1272022#1672023

South Dakota (SD)

South Dakota (SD) flagSouth Dakota (SD)#832020#2182021#2152023

Vermont (VT)

Vermont (VT) flagVermont (VT)#602019#552020#772022

Nevada (NV)

Nevada (NV) flagNevada (NV)#3512021#1602022#3342023

Montana (MT)

Montana (MT) flagMontana (MT)#1492021#1612022#1712023

Idaho (ID)

Idaho (ID) flagIdaho (ID)#1232021#3192022#2002023

Alaska (AK)

Alaska (AK) flagAlaska (AK)#1262020#1152021#1412023

Wyoming (WY)

Wyoming (WY) flagWyoming (WY)#842015#622016#792017

Popularity Rankings for Caroline in other Countries and American Territories

(From the Most to Least Popular, Based on Rankings)

Popularity in Denmark

Denmark flagDenmark#212016#332017#342018

Popularity in Other American Territories

American Samoa flag American Samoa
Guam flag Guam
Northern Mariana Islands flag Northern Mariana Islands
U.S. Virgin Islands flag U.S. Virgin Islands

Other American Territories flagOther American Territories#571998#212004

Popularity in Australia (NSW)

Australia (NSW) flagAustralia (NSW)#651979#941980#841981

Popularity in Sweden

Sweden flagSweden#802002#9252022#6422023

Popularity in Austria

Austria flagAustria#1132020#1422021#1642022

Popularity in France

France flagFrance#1242004#1432005#1872006

Popularity in Belgium

Belgium flagBelgium#1562004#1432005#1612006

Popularity in Chile

Chile flagChile#1551996#1471997#1691998

Popularity in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico flagPuerto Rico#1982011#3222012#2482014

Popularity in Norway

Norway flagNorway#2042021#2712022#3022023

Popularity in New Zealand

New Zealand flagNew Zealand#3222010#3122013#3632015

Popularity in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland flagNorthern Ireland#4302010#3702013#3582015

Popularity in Scotland

Scotland flagScotland#3892006#4012007#3832008

Popularity in Iceland

Iceland flagIceland#3912023

Popularity in Poland

Poland flagPoland#4052015#5002016#5742018

Popularity in Ireland

Ireland flagIreland#4302021#4582022#6252023

Popularity in Switzerland

Switzerland flagSwitzerland#5612020#4452021#9062022

Popularity in Canada

Canada flagCanada#4802021#6222022#4492023

Popularity in Quebec, Canada

Quebec, Canada flagQuebec, Canada#4942017#8762018#6132019

Popularity in England and Wales

England and Wales flagEngland and Wales#9862014#6742015#7192016

Source: Social Security Administration (SSA) and Other National Sources

Is Caroline a Name for Boys or Girls?

Caroline is a girl’s name. Its sophisticated and feminine sound, along with its historical and cultural associations, makes it a lovely choice for girls.

Variants, Nicknames, Diminutives, and Ideal Middle Names for Caroline

Caroline in Famous People Names, Pop Culture, and Places

  • Caroline Kennedy (Author, born 1957): An American author, attorney, and diplomat, who served as the U.S. Ambassador to Japan.
  • Caroline Wozniacki (Tennis Player, born 1990): A Danish former professional tennis player, reaching the No. 1 ranking in the world.
  • Caroline Flack (Television Presenter, 1979–2020): A British television presenter and actress, recognized for hosting "Love Island."
  • Caroline Dhavernas (Actress, born 1978): A Canadian actress, celebrated for her roles in "Wonderfalls" and "Hannibal."
  • Caroline Sunshine (Actress, born 1995): An American actress and diplomat, best known for her role in the Disney Channel series "Shake It Up."
  • Caroline Aherne (Comedian, 1963–2016): A British comedian, actress, and writer, celebrated for "The Royle Family" and "The Mrs Merton Show."
  • Caroline Lucas (Politician, born 1960): A British politician and former leader of the Green Party of England and Wales.
  • Caroline Munro (Actress, born 1949): A British actress and model, notable for her roles in Hammer horror films and James Bond movies.
  • Caroline Manzo (Reality TV Star, born 1961): An American television personality, featured in "The Real Housewives of New Jersey."
  • Caroline Myss (Author, born 1952): An American author and speaker in the fields of human consciousness and holistic health.
  • Caroline Forbes ("The Vampire Diaries," 2009 TV Series): A high school cheerleader turned vampire who becomes a strong and compassionate leader.
  • "Sweet Caroline" (1969 Song by Neil Diamond): A popular song that has become a classic anthem at sporting events and celebrations.
  • Caroline Ingalls ("Little House on the Prairie," 1974 TV Series): The caring and resilient mother in the Ingalls family.
  • "Caroline, or Change" (2003 Musical): A musical set in 1963 Louisiana, focusing on the relationship between a black maid and the Jewish family she works for.
  • Caroline Bingley ("Pride and Prejudice," 1813 Novel by Jane Austen): A wealthy and snobbish woman who attempts to win Mr. Darcy's favor.
  • Caroline Channing ("2 Broke Girls," 2011 TV Series): A formerly wealthy socialite who partners with Max Black to start a cupcake business.
  • Caroline Mathers ("The Fault in Our Stars," 2012 Novel by John Green): A character mentioned in the book who was the previous girlfriend of Augustus Waters and died of cancer.
  • "Caroline" (1976 Novel by E.H. Young): A novel exploring the life and relationships of the titular character.
  • Caroline Celico ("Caroline Celico," 2005 Album): A Brazilian pop album by the singer and songwriter.
  • Caroline ("Coraline," 2009 Film): A young girl who discovers a parallel world with dark secrets.
  • Caroline City (New York, USA): A town in Tompkins County known for its scenic rural landscapes and community events.
  • Caroline Park (Edinburgh, Scotland): A historic park known for its beautiful gardens and the Caroline Mansion.
  • Caroline River (Virginia, USA): A river in Virginia known for its historical significance and natural beauty.
  • Caroline Lake (Western Australia, Australia): A lake in Western Australia known for its serene environment and bird-watching opportunities.
  • Caroline County (Maryland, USA): A county on Maryland's Eastern Shore, known for its rich history and agricultural heritage.
  • Caroline Street (London, UK): A street in London known for its charming architecture and historical landmarks.
  • Caroline Island (Kiribati): An uninhabited atoll in the Pacific Ocean, known for its pristine beaches and rich marine life.