Elizabeth Name Meaning

Lastest Updated June 7, 2024
Home » Baby Names » Elizabeth Name Meaning

Fact: The name has over 100 variants worldwide, including Elisa, Elisabetta, and Beth.

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A Deep Dive

Elizabeth Overview

Meaning

God is my oath, God’s promise

Gender

Girl

Origin

Hebrew

Etymology

Derived from the Hebrew name Elisheva.

Religion

Christianity, Judaism

Pronunciation

/ɪˈlɪzəbəθ/

Popularity

Ranked at 14th most common name in America in 2023.

Syllable

4 syllables

Length

9 letters

Numerology

7 (Analytical, Studious, Knowledgeable)

Name Styles

Popular, Classic, Religious and Spiritual, Cute, Vintage

Associated Traits

Faith, commitment, trust, royalty

Spiritual, Religious, or Cultural Significance

Deeply rooted in Christianity and Judaism, with significant historical and religious ties.

Name Day

November 19th
A Deep Dive

Elizabeth Variations in Different Cultures

Popular Variations

Elisabeth, Isabel, Isabella, Elise, Elsa, Eliza, Beth, Lisbeth, Elisaveta, Ysabel

Common Nicknames

Lizbeth, Lisa, Bess, Tibby, Eliza, Bethan, Ella, Lilibet

Diminutives

Elle, Lizzie, Bessie, Libbie, Lettie, Lizette, Betta

Famous People

  • Queen Elizabeth II
    (British Queen)
  • Elizabeth Taylor
    (British-American Actress)
  • Elizabeth I
    (British Queen)
  • Elizabeth Warren
    (American Politician)
  • Elizabeth Olsen
    (American Actress)

Pop Culture Icons and Works

  • Elizabeth Bennet
    ("Pride and Prejudice," Novel)
  • Elizabeth Swann
    ("Pirates of the Caribbean," Film Series)
  • Elizabeth McCord
    ("Madam Secretary," TV Series)
  • Elizabeth
    ("BioShock Infinite," Video Game)
  • Elizabeth Keen
    ("The Blacklist," TV Series)

Places

  • Elizabeth City
    (North Carolina, USA)
  • Elizabeth Island
    (Massachusetts, USA)
  • Elizabeth Bay
    (New South Wales, Australia)

What Is the Meaning of Elizabeth?

Elizabeth means “God is my oath” or “God’s promise.” This reflects a strong sense of faith and commitment, often associated with devotion and trust in a higher power.

What Is the Origin of The Name Elizabeth?

The name Elizabeth has Hebrew origins, coming from the Hebrew name Elisheva. It has been used in Christianity and Judaism for centuries, with its roots deeply embedded in religious history and scripture.

Elizabeth Name Popularity

Popularity Chart of the Name Elizabeth in the U.S. over the Years

United States flagUnited States#142021#152022#152023
Top 3 Rankings#31887#31888#31889

Annual Statistics Breakdown for Elizabeth

YearName RankingNumber of BirthsBirth Rate (%)
202315
No change from 2022
6566
(-440 from 2022)
0.37537
202215
(-1 from 2021)
7006
(-252 from 2021)
0.39073
202114
(+2 from 2020)
7258
(-29 from 2020)
0.40512
202016
(-2 from 2019)
7287
(-628 from 2019)
0.41223
201914
(-1 from 2018)
7915
(-675 from 2018)
0.43136
201813
No change from 2017
8590
(-405 from 2017)
0.46191
201713
No change from 2016
8995
(-604 from 2016)
0.47614
201613
No change from 2015
9599
(-163 from 2015)
0.49585
201513
No change from 2014
9762
(+175 from 2014)
0.50039
201413
(-3 from 2013)
9587
(+118 from 2013)
0.49005
201310
No change from 2012
9469
(-256 from 2012)
0.49121
201210
(+1 from 2011)
9725
(-380 from 2011)
0.50143
201111
(+1 from 2010)
10105
(-173 from 2010)
0.52150
201012
(-1 from 2009)
10278
(-773 from 2009)
0.52420
200911
(-2 from 2008)
11051
(-974 from 2008)
0.54571
20089
(+1 from 2007)
12025
(-1044 from 2007)
0.57733
200710
(+1 from 2006)
13069
(+631 from 2006)
0.61748
200611
No change from 2005
12438
(-303 from 2005)
0.59497
200511
(-1 from 2004)
12741
(-829 from 2004)
0.62777
200410
(-1 from 2003)
13570
(-552 from 2003)
0.67251
20039
(+2 from 2002)
14122
(-497 from 2002)
0.70383
200211
(-2 from 2001)
14619
(-173 from 2001)
0.74020
20019
No change from 2000
14792
(-324 from 2000)
0.74672
20009
(+1 from 1999)
15116
(-234 from 1999)
0.75741
199910
No change from 1998
15350
(+157 from 1998)
0.78847
199810
(-1 from 1997)
15193
(-235 from 1997)
0.78375
19979
(+1 from 1996)
15428
(-574 from 1996)
0.80807
199610
No change from 1995
16002
(-189 from 1995)
0.83464
199510
(-1 from 1994)
16191
(-595 from 1994)
0.84260
19949
No change from 1993
16786
(-772 from 1993)
0.86109
19939
No change from 1992
17558
(-1475 from 1992)
0.89058
19929
No change from 1991
19033
(-1360 from 1991)
0.94943
19919
No change from 1990
20393
(-355 from 1990)
1.00289
19909
(+1 from 1989)
20748
(+450 from 1989)
1.00993
198910
No change from 1988
20298
(+257 from 1988)
1.01888
198810
No change from 1987
20041
(+1433 from 1987)
1.04211
198710
No change from 1986
18608
(-466 from 1986)
0.99284
198610
(-1 from 1985)
19074
(-1471 from 1985)
1.03355
19859
(+1 from 1984)
20545
(+184 from 1984)
1.11276
198410
No change from 1983
20361
(+521 from 1983)
1.12909
198310
(-2 from 1982)
19840
(-667 from 1982)
1.10858
19828
(+1 from 1981)
20507
(+337 from 1981)
1.13031
19819
No change from 1980
20170
(+641 from 1980)
1.12775
19809
(+2 from 1979)
19529
(+1455 from 1979)
1.09674
197911
(+3 from 1978)
18074
(+1264 from 1978)
1.04882
197814
(-1 from 1977)
16810
(+381 from 1977)
1.02257
197713
(+3 from 1976)
16429
(+2883 from 1976)
0.99872
197616
(-1 from 1975)
13546
(+1072 from 1975)
0.86176
197515
(-3 from 1974)
12474
(+210 from 1974)
0.79917
197412
(+1 from 1973)
12264
(-94 from 1973)
0.78301
197313
(+2 from 1972)
12358
(+175 from 1972)
0.79518
197215
(+4 from 1971)
12183
(-1420 from 1971)
0.75551
197119
(-1 from 1970)
13603
(-1511 from 1970)
0.77616
197018
(-2 from 1969)
15114
(-182 from 1969)
0.82507
196916
(+1 from 1968)
15296
(+410 from 1968)
0.86774
196817
(-4 from 1967)
14886
(-1230 from 1967)
0.87069
196713
(+3 from 1966)
16116
(+231 from 1966)
0.93870
196616
No change from 1965
15885
(-435 from 1965)
0.90473
196516
No change from 1964
16320
(-975 from 1964)
0.89304
196416
(+4 from 1963)
17295
(-303 from 1963)
0.88359
196320
No change from 1962
17598
(-204 from 1962)
0.88518
196220
(-1 from 1961)
17802
(-1054 from 1961)
0.87829
196119
(-1 from 1960)
18856
(+1 from 1960)
0.90779
196018
(+3 from 1959)
18855
(+432 from 1959)
0.90660
195921
(+1 from 1958)
18423
(-114 from 1958)
0.88631
195822
No change from 1957
18537
(+1046 from 1957)
0.89735
195722
No change from 1956
17491
(+1137 from 1956)
0.83365
195622
(-1 from 1955)
16354
(-341 from 1955)
0.79406
195521
(-1 from 1954)
16695
(+109 from 1954)
0.83271
195420
(+1 from 1953)
16586
(+488 from 1953)
0.83311
195321
(+1 from 1952)
16098
(+76 from 1952)
0.83431
195222
(+1 from 1951)
16022
(+904 from 1951)
0.84238
195123
(+1 from 1950)
15118
(+784 from 1950)
0.81840
195024
(+1 from 1949)
14334
(+621 from 1949)
0.81511
194925
(+1 from 1948)
13713
(+498 from 1948)
0.78114
194826
(-1 from 1947)
13215
(-224 from 1947)
0.75831
194725
No change from 1946
13439
(+1686 from 1946)
0.73927
194625
(+1 from 1945)
11753
(+1410 from 1945)
0.72869
194526
(-3 from 1944)
10343
(-691 from 1944)
0.76836
194423
No change from 1943
11034
(-610 from 1943)
0.80745
194323
(-1 from 1942)
11644
(+459 from 1942)
0.81120
194222
(-1 from 1941)
11185
(+918 from 1941)
0.80440
194121
(-1 from 1940)
10267
(+312 from 1940)
0.82400
194020
(-2 from 1939)
9955
(+246 from 1939)
0.84268
193918
(-1 from 1938)
9709
(-93 from 1938)
0.85612
193817
No change from 1937
9802
(+417 from 1937)
0.85873
193717
(+1 from 1936)
9385
(+525 from 1936)
0.85175
193618
(-1 from 1935)
8860
(-215 from 1935)
0.82223
193517
(+1 from 1934)
9075
(-271 from 1934)
0.83504
193418
(-1 from 1933)
9346
(+329 from 1933)
0.86350
193317
No change from 1932
9017
(-980 from 1932)
0.86201
193217
(-1 from 1931)
9997
(-296 from 1931)
0.90365
193116
(-1 from 1930)
10293
(-702 from 1930)
0.93258
193015
No change from 1929
10995
(-254 from 1929)
0.94260
192915
(-1 from 1928)
11249
(-517 from 1928)
0.97179
192814
(-1 from 1927)
11766
(-757 from 1927)
0.98416
192713
(-2 from 1926)
12523
(-313 from 1926)
1.01283
192611
(-1 from 1925)
12836
(-1100 from 1925)
1.04343
192510
(+1 from 1924)
13936
(-1014 from 1924)
1.10334
192411
(-2 from 1923)
14950
(-510 from 1923)
1.15384
19239
No change from 1922
15460
(+217 from 1922)
1.23437
19229
(+1 from 1921)
15243
(-558 from 1921)
1.22181
192110
(-2 from 1920)
15801
(-107 from 1920)
1.23473
19208
No change from 1919
15908
(+621 from 1919)
1.27874
19198
(+1 from 1918)
15287
(-566 from 1918)
1.30142
19189
(-1 from 1917)
15853
(+722 from 1917)
1.31849
19178
No change from 1916
15131
(+191 from 1916)
1.34655
19168
No change from 1915
14940
(+837 from 1915)
1.37605
19158
No change from 1914
14103
(+2736 from 1914)
1.37743
19148
No change from 1913
11367
(+1862 from 1913)
1.42689
19138
No change from 1912
9505
(+978 from 1912)
1.45134
19128
(-1 from 1911)
8527
(+2229 from 1911)
1.45335
19117
No change from 1910
6298
(+498 from 1910)
1.42548
19107
No change from 1909
5800
(+624 from 1909)
1.38251
19097
No change from 1908
5176
(+272 from 1908)
1.40616
19087
No change from 1907
4904
(+280 from 1907)
1.38324
19077
No change from 1906
4624
(+304 from 1906)
1.37035
19067
(-1 from 1905)
4320
(+199 from 1905)
1.37828
19056
No change from 1904
4121
(+288 from 1904)
1.32994
19046
No change from 1903
3833
(+109 from 1903)
1.31072
19036
No change from 1902
3724
(+30 from 1902)
1.33862
19026
No change from 1901
3694
(+478 from 1901)
1.31773
19016
No change from 1900
3216
(-880 from 1900)
1.26500
19006
(+1 from 1899)
4096
(+809 from 1899)
1.28911
18997
No change from 1898
3287
(-372 from 1898)
1.32814
18987
(-1 from 1897)
3659
(+217 from 1897)
1.33469
18976
(+1 from 1896)
3442
(-29 from 1896)
1.38637
18967
(-2 from 1895)
3471
(-132 from 1895)
1.37742
18955
No change from 1894
3603
(+178 from 1894)
1.45808
18945
No change from 1893
3425
(+65 from 1893)
1.45144
18935
(-2 from 1892)
3360
(-101 from 1892)
1.49180
18923
(+1 from 1891)
3461
(+402 from 1891)
1.53882
18914
(-1 from 1890)
3059
(-53 from 1890)
1.55622
18903
No change from 1889
3112
(+54 from 1889)
1.54317
18893
No change from 1888
3058
(-166 from 1888)
1.61613
18883
No change from 1887
3224
(+543 from 1887)
1.70181
18873
(+1 from 1886)
2681
(+1 from 1886)
1.72497
18864
No change from 1885
2680
(+98 from 1885)
1.74327
18854
No change from 1884
2582
(+33 from 1884)
1.81899
18844
No change from 1883
2549
(+294 from 1883)
1.85267
18834
No change from 1882
2255
(+69 from 1882)
1.87823
18824
No change from 1881
2186
(+334 from 1881)
1.88947
18814
No change from 1880
1852
(-87 from 1880)
1.87345
18804
First SSA data recorded
1939
First SSA data recorded
1.98658

American States Popularity Rankings for Elizabeth

(From the Most to Least Popular, Based on Number of Births )

New York (NY)

New York (NY) flagNew York (NY)#412021#382022#432023

California (CA)

California (CA) flagCalifornia (CA)#272021#302022#392023

Pennsylvania (PA)

Pennsylvania (PA) flagPennsylvania (PA)#132021#232022#282023

Texas (TX)

Texas (TX) flagTexas (TX)#152021#152022#142023

Illinois (IL)

Illinois (IL) flagIllinois (IL)#172021#272022#282023

Ohio (OH)

Ohio (OH) flagOhio (OH)#142021#172022#352023

Massachusetts (MA)

Massachusetts (MA) flagMassachusetts (MA)#202021#242022#392023

Michigan (MI)

Michigan (MI) flagMichigan (MI)#262021#312022#342023

New Jersey (NJ)

New Jersey (NJ) flagNew Jersey (NJ)#442021#602022#542023

North Carolina (NC)

North Carolina (NC) flagNorth Carolina (NC)#112021#132022#122023

Florida (FL)

Florida (FL) flagFlorida (FL)#202021#242022#222023

Virginia (VA)

Virginia (VA) flagVirginia (VA)#82021#102022#102023

Georgia (GA)

Georgia (GA) flagGeorgia (GA)#122021#92022#102023

Indiana (IN)

Indiana (IN) flagIndiana (IN)#142021#212022#142023

Tennessee (TN)

Tennessee (TN) flagTennessee (TN)#82021#92022#112023

Missouri (MO)

Missouri (MO) flagMissouri (MO)#122021#132022#152023

Wisconsin (WI)

Wisconsin (WI) flagWisconsin (WI)#242021#192022#212023

Alabama (AL)

Alabama (AL) flagAlabama (AL)#72021#82022#52023

Kentucky (KY)

Kentucky (KY) flagKentucky (KY)#112021#162022#192023

South Carolina (SC)

South Carolina (SC) flagSouth Carolina (SC)#92021#72022#62023

Minnesota (MN)

Minnesota (MN) flagMinnesota (MN)#272021#322022#262023

Maryland (MD)

Maryland (MD) flagMaryland (MD)#182021#122022#142023

Connecticut (CT)

Connecticut (CT) flagConnecticut (CT)#402021#302022#252023

Louisiana (LA)

Louisiana (LA) flagLouisiana (LA)#202021#142022#172023

Washington (WA)

Washington (WA) flagWashington (WA)#182021#162022#282023

Mississippi (MS)

Mississippi (MS) flagMississippi (MS)#102021#92022#62023

Iowa (IA)

Iowa (IA) flagIowa (IA)#222021#202022#352023

Colorado (CO)

Colorado (CO) flagColorado (CO)#172021#192022#242023

Oklahoma (OK)

Oklahoma (OK) flagOklahoma (OK)#172021#162022#192023

Arizona (AZ)

Arizona (AZ) flagArizona (AZ)#292021#242022#262023

West Virginia (WV)

West Virginia (WV) flagWest Virginia (WV)#362021#582022#312023

Kansas (KS)

Kansas (KS) flagKansas (KS)#102021#142022#92023

Arkansas (AR)

Arkansas (AR) flagArkansas (AR)#102021#172022#172023

Oregon (OR)

Oregon (OR) flagOregon (OR)#132021#162022#152023

Nebraska (NE)

Nebraska (NE) flagNebraska (NE)#142021#192022#152023

District of Columbia (DC)

District of Columbia (DC) flagDistrict of Columbia (DC)#62021#102022#92023

Utah (UT)

Utah (UT) flagUtah (UT)#352021#162022#272023

Maine (ME)

Maine (ME) flagMaine (ME)#432021#332022#362023

Rhode Island (RI)

Rhode Island (RI) flagRhode Island (RI)#482021#252022#282023

New Mexico (NM)

New Mexico (NM) flagNew Mexico (NM)#182021#182022#152023

New Hampshire (NH)

New Hampshire (NH) flagNew Hampshire (NH)#272021#572022#572023

Delaware (DE)

Delaware (DE) flagDelaware (DE)#582021#702022#162023

Idaho (ID)

Idaho (ID) flagIdaho (ID)#122021#212022#232023

North Dakota (ND)

North Dakota (ND) flagNorth Dakota (ND)#362021#142022#102023

Hawaii (HI)

Hawaii (HI) flagHawaii (HI)#372021#192022#132023

South Dakota (SD)

South Dakota (SD) flagSouth Dakota (SD)#132021#132022#222023

Vermont (VT)

Vermont (VT) flagVermont (VT)#502021#202022#82023

Montana (MT)

Montana (MT) flagMontana (MT)#132021#112022#212023

Nevada (NV)

Nevada (NV) flagNevada (NV)#262021#242022#192023

Alaska (AK)

Alaska (AK) flagAlaska (AK)#182021#172022#922023

Wyoming (WY)

Wyoming (WY) flagWyoming (WY)#92021#212022#862023

Popularity Rankings for Elizabeth in other Countries and American Territories

(From the Most to Least Popular, Based on Rankings)

Popularity in Other American Territories

American Samoa flag American Samoa
Guam flag Guam
Northern Mariana Islands flag Northern Mariana Islands
U.S. Virgin Islands flag U.S. Virgin Islands

Other American Territories flagOther American Territories#202017#162018#202019

Popularity in Medieval England

Medieval England flagMedieval England#171377-1381

Popularity in Mexico

Mexico flagMexico#232020#252021

Popularity in Canada

Canada flagCanada#372021#322022#302023

Popularity in Quebec, Canada

Quebec, Canada flagQuebec, Canada#302020#312021#362022

Popularity in Uruguay

Uruguay flagUruguay#632021#402022#422023

Popularity in England and Wales

England and Wales flagEngland and Wales#552019#562020#602021

Popularity in Chile

Chile flagChile#722019#592020#602021

Popularity in New Zealand

New Zealand flagNew Zealand#682021#882022#852023

Popularity in Ireland

Ireland flagIreland#892021#722022#1062023

Popularity in Australia (NSW)

Australia (NSW) flagAustralia (NSW)#842021#802022#872023

Popularity in Scotland

Scotland flagScotland#1122021#922022#1232023

Popularity in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland flagNorthern Ireland#1162021#1472022#1242023

Popularity in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico flagPuerto Rico#1572021#1462022#1482023

Popularity in Argentina

Argentina flagArgentina#1932012#1972013#2002014

Popularity in Poland

Poland flagPoland#2652021#2752022#2372023

Popularity in Norway

Norway flagNorway#3532021#4672022#3222023

Popularity in Iceland

Iceland flagIceland#3262021

Popularity in Switzerland

Switzerland flagSwitzerland#7022020#4082021#6462022

Popularity in Germany

Germany flagGermany#4792021

Popularity in Sweden

Sweden flagSweden#5502023

Source: Social Security Administration (SSA) and Other National Sources

Is Elizabeth a Name for Boys or Girls?

Elizabeth has been a classic and popular choice for girls across many cultures and generations.

While it is predominantly feminine, variations of the name, like Elias, are used for boys.

Variants, Nicknames, Diminutives, and Ideal Middle Names for Elizabeth

Elizabeth in Famous People Names, Pop Culture, and Places

  • Queen Elizabeth II (Queen, 1926–2022): The longest-reigning British monarch, renowned for her dedication and service.
  • Elizabeth Taylor (Actress, 1932–2011): An iconic actress famous for her roles in classic films like "Cleopatra."
  • Elizabeth I (Queen, 1533–1603): The Virgin Queen of England who ruled during the Elizabethan era.
  • Elizabeth Warren (Politician, born 1949): A U.S. Senator noted for her work in consumer protection and economic issues.
  • Elizabeth Olsen (Actress, born 1989): An American actress celebrated for her role as Scarlet Witch in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
  • Elizabeth Banks (Actress, born 1974): An actress and filmmaker recognized for her work in "The Hunger Games" series and "Pitch Perfect."
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning (Poet, 1806–1861): A renowned English poet famous for her love sonnets.
  • Elizabeth Debicki (Actress, born 1990): An Australian actress noted for her roles in "The Great Gatsby" and "Tenet."
  • Elizabeth Bennet ("Pride and Prejudice," 1813 Novel): The witty and intelligent protagonist of Jane Austen's classic novel.
  • Elizabeth Swann ("Pirates of the Caribbean," 2003 Film Series): A brave and resourceful heroine in the popular adventure series.
  • Elizabeth McCord ("Madam Secretary," 2014 TV Series): A former CIA analyst who becomes the U.S. Secretary of State.
  • Elizabeth ("BioShock Infinite," 2013 Video Game): A key character with mysterious powers who assists the protagonist.
  • Elizabeth Keen ("The Blacklist," 2013 TV Series): An FBI profiler who works with a notorious criminal to solve cases.
  • Elizabeth City (North Carolina, USA): A historic city known for its waterfront and charming downtown area.
  • Elizabeth Island (Massachusetts, USA): A group of small islands in Buzzards Bay, known for their natural beauty.
  • Elizabeth Bay (New South Wales, Australia): A picturesque suburb in Sydney with stunning harbor views.

Similar Names to Elizabeth