Emma Name Meaning

Lastest Updated March 9, 2024
Home » Name Explained » Emma Name Meaning

If you’re curious about the Emma name meaning, you’re not alone! Popular names are what parents normally turn to for inspiration, especially if you’re someone who follows the trend.

When scouring online, you’re most likely to see Emma make a darling appearance everywhere. Or among the babies in a kindergarten right now, chances are you have met one or two little Emmas.

So what’s behind the hype of this classic name? Does anything about its history or interpretations turn Emma into a household name? Let’s figure it out before you choose it for your kid!

Emma Has Enjoyed
Emma has enjoyed enduring popularity for quite a long time!

A Summary About The Name Emma

If you want to take a quick look first, here is the summary about the name’s meaning, origin, history, and popularity you might need:

Meaning Whole, universal
GenderMostly used as a girl’s name
PopularityThe baby name Emma was the number 1 choice in the United States for five years straight, starting from 2014, per Social Security Administration (SSA). 

The name lost its crown to Olivia. Yet, with the 2nd spot in the 2021’s popularity chart, Emma is hugely popular at the moment. 
VariationsEma, Emalinda, Ima, Irma, Erma, Emmalyn, Emmeline, etc. 
NicknamesEm, Ems, Mae, Mma, Emita, Emmy, Emmet, Emmie, Memma, Emmina, Emmaliya, etc. 
Similar NamesAva, Ella, Ember, Emmet, Gemma, Jemma, Maya, Selma, etc. 
Sibling NamesFor Boys: Andrew, Ethan, Jack, Owen, William, etc. 
For Girls: Kate, Grace, Molly, Olivia, Sophie, etc. 
Middle NamesBreanne, Fern, Giselle, Jae, Kathleen, Watson, etc. 

The Meanings, Histories & Origins Of Emma

Derived from the Old Germanic word “ermen”, Emma means “whole” and “universal”. True to its meaning, the name is currently universally popular in the US and many parts of the globe.

This simple-looking name boasts a deep history in Europe. Notably, Emma’s use became far and wide in the early 1000s, thanks to Emma of Normandy – a woman of high status in ancient England.

She became Queen of England, Denmark, and Normand through two marriages to two Kings, Æthelred the Unready and Cnut the Great (1). Emma of Normandy was also the richest woman of her time.

Later, the name also received a big boost in use from the titular character, Emma, in Jane Austen’s 1815 novel. Around this time, the name was also popularized by Emma Hamilton. She was the mistress of Lord Nelson and the muse of George Romney, the greatest painter of the time.

How Popular Is Emma In America?

Emma started to gain noteworthy traction in the US in the 20th century. It broke into the top 100 most used names for girls for a long period between 1900 and 1941.

Through the 1970s, the name experienced a considerable decline in use, plunging to 463rd place in 1976. Not until 1993 did “Emma” creep back up on the popularity chart, the first time returning to the top 100 choices for newborn girls.

However, its true recovery happened in the early 2000s, when classic names were seemingly trending again. Interestingly, Emma’s popularity during this time was also credited to the popular TV show “Friends”.

This name was chosen for the baby daughter of Rachel and Ross. The scene appeared in the season 8 finale, “The One Where Rachel Has A Baby, ” aired in May 2002.

By the end of 2002, Emma soared to 4th place on the chart, which is a jump of 9 spots from the previous year’s ranking. Emma enjoyed a long streak as the number 1 choice from 2014 to 2018. The name was given to over 18,000 newborn girls yearly during this period.

The name has been taken over by “Olivia”, becoming the first runner-up since 2019 (2).

Is Emma An Exclusively Girl’s Name?

Yes, Emma is almost an exclusive title for girls. Throughout history, many famous figures in Britain and well-known fictional characters have shared this name.

However, this Germanic-rooted name was occasionally chosen for males in the past. Emma, as a boy’s title, landed the SSA’s list at 519th place in 1900. The name stayed on the chart for the following ten years, although at quite a humble position.

Variants of Emma

Emma has long been a household name in the US. Unsurprisingly, the name also develops many spelling variations over time. Below are some of the most common options:

  • Ema (Portuguese, Spanish, Slavic)
  • Emalinda, Ima, Irma, Erma (German)
  • Emmalyn (English)
  • Emmeline (Latin)

Common Nicknames And Similar Names You Might Need

Common Nicknames
Call her Emma or any of these spunky pet names at home!

A short and adorable moniker like Emma doesn’t beg for pet names. However, it won’t hurt to find one or two sweet ways to call your little daughter at home. The followings are the most popular nicknames for Emma:

  • Em
  • Ems
  • Mae
  • Mma
  • Emita
  • Emmy
  • Emmet
  • Emmie
  • Memma
  • Emmina
  • Emmaliya

Still open to a few more options for your roster of baby’s names? There are many monikers that sound or mean similarly to consider:




Bird, birdlike, live, life, water, or islandGerman, Hebrew, Latin, Persian


Completely, all, fairy maidenBritish, Germanic
Ember/em-ber/Spark, burning low, ashesBritish, Germanic

Whole, universal, truthBritish, Hebrew

Gem, jewel, precious stoneLatin
Jemma/jem-ma/Precious stone, dove, little doveBritish, Hebrew

Illusion, magic, mother, water, dreamSanskrit, Hebrew, Spanish, Greek

God's helmet, peace, with divine protection, beautiful viewArabic, Old German, Celtic

Darling Sibling Names For Emma

Aren’t sure what would work best with Emma’s brother or sister. Let’s check out these sibling names that sound effortlessly compatible with Emma:

For Sons

There are many ideas for a son following your little Emma. Nevertheless, these monikers manage to stand out among them:

  • Andrew: Andrew is a name that speaks for its intended gender. It translates to “strong”, “manly”, and “courageous”, as a variation of the Greek name Andreas. In the Bible, Andrew was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ and also Simon Peter’s brother.
  • Ethan: Ethan reflects many expectations from parents for their upcoming newborn. Those wishes are “ firm”, “strong”, “enduring” and “long-lived”. This Hebrew name is also a high-performing name in the US, ranking 20th in 2021.
  • This is also a biblical figure that appeared in the Bible several times. Ethan was known for his wisdom.
  • Jack: Jack was once ultra-popular in the Middle Ages, regarded as a generic term for men. The phrase “jack of all trades” has “jack” with this general assumption.
  • However, Jack actually stems from the English boy name “John”. The name means “God is gracious”, making it a favorite among religious families.
  • Owen: Of Irish and Welsh origin, Owen can be interpreted in various ways, including “youthful”, “noble”, and “well-born”. This moniker earned 22nd place in the 2021’s chart, just behind Ethan.
  • William: William is among a few names that can be both trending and timeless. As much as it sounds like a British name, William is actually of Germanic origin. Formed by the German “wil” for “will” and “desire” or “helm” for “helmet” or “protection”, William means “resolute protector”. A man with this name will stand for the weak and vulnerable.

For Daughters

If you already have a little Emma at home and you’re getting ready to have another girl, you can think of these monikers:

  • Kate: Kate means “pure”, and it’s among the greatest ways to describe an innocent newborn. This girl’s title is a shortened form of Katherine, from English and Greek.
  • Kate is the byname of Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, and Cambridge Catherine (3). Thus, the name enjoys some royal flair, too.
  • Grace: Grace is effortlessly elegant and feminine. This Latin name was originally used in the phrase “grace of God” to show god’s love and divine grace.
  • Throughout history, Grace has been interpreted differently, including “favor”, “goodness”, “blessing”, “charm” and “generosity”. It’s one of the best virtue names out there.
  • Molly: This Irish name means “star of the sea”. It’s also thought to be a derivation of “Mary”, interpreted as “bitter”. American musician Molly Burch, actress Molly Hawkey, and actress Molly Quinn are just among many celebrity bearers of this name.
  • Olivia: As mentioned, Olivia was just right ahead of Emma on the SSA’s chart in 2021. Surprisingly, the name goes well with its Germanic counterpart, too.
  • As a feminine version of Oliver, Olivia similarly refers to the “olive tree”. The name caught on in England during the 17th century, thanks to the popular William Shakespeare’s play the Twelfth Night.
  • Sophie: As a diminutive of “Sophia”, this name also means “wisdom”. Sophia, in Greek mythology, is known for sense and understanding. Thanks to such a favorable definition, this Greek name is well-loved by European royals. Princess Sophie of Sweden and Sophie, Duchess of Wessex, the wife of Britain’s Prince Edward, are just a few examples.

Middle Names To Complement Emma

If you already fall in love with Emma, you’ll also need a middle name to match. Whether you’re looking for something pretty, special in meaning, and flows well with Emma, here are some nice suggestions:

  • Breanne: Derived from the Irish boy name “Brian”, Breanne means “noble”, “high”, and “exalted”. In addition, the name is supposedly an emblem of strength and power – a win-win.
  • Fern: Originating in the Anglo-Saxon (Old English) “fearn”, “Fern” refers to the plant name and also the people residing around it.
  • The shade-loving plant symbolizes different things across cultures. First, in Victorian England, it’s the embodiment of sincerity and humanity. In Maori, however, it signifies new beginnings and life.
  • Giselle: From its French roots, Giselle translates to “pledge”. The name dates back to 10th-century Normandy. However, it only garnered attention in the 11th century, thanks to Adolphe Adam’s ballet of the same name.
  • Jae: Jae is the name of any gender. In Korean, Jae got the beautiful definitions of “talent” and “ability”. When traced back to its Latin root, Jae refers to “blue-crested bird”.
  • Whether you hope your kid will become a capable person or glide through life like a bird across the sky, well, Jae would fit the bill.
  • Kathleen: As a close cousin of Kate above, Kathleen also comes from the Greek name “​​Catherine”. It also means “pure”.
  • The name was used in the legendary Countess of Cathleen by William Butler Yeats. In the verse drama, Kathleen is a selfless countess who sells her soul to the devil so she can feed the tenants during the Great Famine.
  • Watson: This matching middle name has a huge celebrity influence (thanks again, Emma Watson!). English and Scottish in origin, “Watson” has a close tie to “Walter” and translates to “son of Watt / Walter / Water”.

The Use Of Emma In Pop Culture

The Use Of Emma
The name Emma has left a huge mark on the fictional world.

Pop culture has had a major influence over the years regarding naming a baby. Emma is a shining case in point, as a sharp spike in the name’s popularity was recorded in the years when the mentioned Friends episode aired.

If you need more inspiration, Emma does appear in many TV series and fiction.

  • Emma Frost: A fictional character from the American series “Wolverine” and “X-Men.”
  • Emma Geller-Green: The daughter of Ross Geller and Rachel Greene from the TV series “Friends”.
  • Emma Morley: The main character in David Nicholls’ 2009 novel One day and the film of the same name.
  • Emma Nelson: A character in the Canadian teen-drama TV series “Degrassi”.
  • Emma Peel: A character from the British 1960 TV series “The Avengers”.
  • Emma Pillsbury: A character from Fox’s TV musical comedy-drama “Glee”.
  • Emma Swan: A character in the TV series “Once Upon a Time”, appearing from seasons 1-6.
  • Emma Woodhouse: Protagonist in Jane Austen’s novel “Emma”, published in 1815.

Most Famous People Named Emma

In modern times, Emma Watson is probably the most well-known Emma. She rose to stardom as Hermione Granger in the blockbuster Harry Potter. Yet, there are also many celebrities sharing this name to inspire your daughter:

  • Emma Bunton (born 1976): British songwriter-singer and actress, a member of the girl band “Spice Girls.”
  • Emma Goldman (1869-1940): Anarchist writer who is known for her philosophies in North and West Europe.
  • Emma Hayes (born 1976): British professional football manager for Chelsea women’s club.
  • Emma Mackey (born 1996): French-British actress.
  • Emma Roberts (born 1991): American actress and niece of the famous Hollywood actress Julia Roberts.
  • Emma Stone (born 1988): American actress known for her roles in “LA LA LAND” for which she won an Academy Award.
  • Emma Thompson (born 1959): British screenwriter and actress who won Academy Award for Sense and Sensibility (1995).
  • Emma Watson (born 1990): English actress known as Hermione Granger in the globally popular “Harry Potter” franchise and Belle in the live-action “Beauty and the Beast”.


If you reach this part of the article, I bet that Emma has already impressed you. So, the section below will address some of the common concerns about Emma to help you understand it further.

Emma is not a biblical girl name and is not mentioned in the Bible. It’s considered a British name that is rooted in the Old Germanic word “ermen”, meaning “whole” and “universal”.

Yes, it is. The most well-known royal with this name is probably Emma of Normandy, the queen of England, Denmark, and Norway, as mentioned above. This regal name is also tied to the mistress of Lord Nelson, Lady Hamilton who appeared in many paintings of George Romney.

The name is also historically linked to German Princess Emma of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym.

Her birth is also the date when her grandmother, the Dutch Queen Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, passed away. The name Emma was bestowed upon her to pay homage to the Queen.

Despite its long history, Emma is among a few names that never get old. The name has gotten boosts in popularity many times along the way (shouts out to Emma of Normandy, Janes Austen, and the sitcom “Friends”.

As you can see, many celebrities named Emma belong to the younger generations. Therefore, it’s hard to consider it an outdated name.

According to the SSA popularity chart, Emma was the chart-topper in 2008. After hovering in the top 3 years later, Emma reigned the chart again between 2014 and 2018.

Emma: A Charming, Trendy Name To Consider!

While trending baby names come and go, many titles do stick around on the popularity chart for a long time. This is especially true for “Emma”. It makes a great choice if you’re someone who likes to go with the trends.

However, for parents who often shy away and think it’s too common, let me tell you this. Even with an ultra-popular name like Emma, only a tiny fraction of the population will get the name in a year. So, if you’re fascinated by the name’s interpretations or history, you can go for it, too.

That’s the end of this name analysis, and I hope you enjoy reading it. Share your thoughts and introduce this post to other parents you know! Thanks!


  1. en.wikipedia.org. 2022. Emma of Normandy.
  2. ssa.gov. 2022. The Popularity Of A Name.
  3. britannica.com. 2022. Catherine, Princess of Wales, consort of Prince William.
Helen Doanna

Helen Doanna

Editor in Chief, Educational Specialist, and Senior Content Creator


Child Development Specialist, Child-care Coordinator, Family Support Specialist, Content Writer, Communications Specialist, Educational Consultant, STEAM Teacher


1. University of Social Science and Humanity, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

  • Program: Bachelor’s degree in Faculty of Literature and Journalism
  • Focus: In-depth knowledge of Literature, knowledge and skills to perceive, create literature or work in related fields; Basic knowledge of communications.

2. University of Social Science and Humanity, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

  • Program: Bachelor’s degree in Education Faculty
  • Focus: Core knowledge of social sciences and humanities – the root for the development of progressive values of education, Multicultural communication in education, Contemporary education in the context of globalization, Learning in the digital technology era, Basic issues of STEAM education, Classroom Management, Special education.

3. Oregon State University, Oregan, US

  • Program: Bachelor’s degree in Faculty of Human Development and Family Sciences – Child Development
  • Focus: Different stages of development, from infancy to adulthood; Develop a strong foundation for a career in early childhood programs or classrooms; Learn strategies for supporting young children’s development in early childhood settings.

Helen is an experienced educational specialist and content creator, known for her innovative approach to children’s learning. With a background in literature and child development, she composes engaging educational content for SimpleKids.net. Her work emphasizes creativity, engagement, and simplicity, aiming to make learning enjoyable and accessible for children and their families.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *